The Main Types of Sentences Used in Language
There are 4 main sentence types in the English language. Every one of them is utilized for various targets. If you understand the main differences between them, your writing will be much stronger. When you learn English and get a bit confused with the structure of the sentence, understanding various sentence types is essential.
No matter whether you want to improve your writing skills or just learn the English language, you will need to brush up on your sentence structure, punctuation, and grammar skills. If you are not aware of how to form the appropriate sentence or utilize the proper grammar conventions, you might finish with miscommunication or send the wrong message.
Let’s review the sentences’ types to make your writing great and impress your professor.
Why Do the Types of Sentence Matter?
The more you learn about proper syntax and grammar, the stronger your writing skills will be. Grammar and sentences are the proper communication foundation in English. No matter where you will go, you should be able to generate sentences talking to people, hold down conversations, look for jobs, write assignments, and so on.
The more sentences’ types you practice and learn, the better your writing skills will be as long as you might utilize different sentences and make things more fun and interesting. Also, you will have stronger and clearer communication if you are composing a term paper or an email.
Dependent and Independent Clauses
Incomplete and complete sentences are referred to as dependent and independent clauses. The independent clause is a full sentence that communicates a clear idea and might stand on its own. It is possible to spot this clause easily when you identify the verb and the subject or in case you do not have any questions.
For example: “The book store closes at 10 p.m. today” or “Tom has decided to study Maths.”
The dependent clause is the incomplete sentence that is impossible to communicate a complete and clear idea and stand on its own. In most cases, you might spot a dependent clause as long as it features conjunction or a transition word at the end or beginning, leaving you wondering about something. Even if it contains a verb or a subject but expresses incomplete thought, still it is the dependent clause.
For example: “Although they wished to get something new…” or “Before the supper gets cold….”
Complex, Compound, and Simple Sentences
The number of independent and dependent clauses identifies the classification of a sentence. If it comes to complex sentences, you must separate independent and dependent clauses within a sentence with a colon or semicolon. You might use a comma if you are adding a transition word or conjunction.
A simple sentence is a sentence that contains 1 independent clause with no dependent clauses. For example: “Jane loves to dance.”
A compound sentence is a sentence that contains more than 1 independent clause without any dependent clauses. For example: “I am too tired; I do not think I will study today.”
A complex sentence is a sentence containing 1 independent clause and 1 or more dependent clauses. For example: “I forgot to eat breakfast, so I am very hungry now.”
A Complex-compound sentence is a sentence that combines more than 1 independent clause with 1 dependent clause, at least. For example: “Despite the fact my mother is short, and her parents are short, my sister and I are both tall.”
The 4 Types of Sentences
- Declarative sentences. These sentences are utilized to give data about something or state. In most cases, they finish in a period. It is a kind of basic sentence type you might use. It might be as complex or simple as important to get to the point. These sentences are utilized for communicating evidence, statements, and facts.
For example: “Tom walked home from dance school today.”
- Imperative sentences. This sentence is utilized in order to make a command. It finishes either in the exclamation mark or a period. The imperative sentence is telling someone to do something. Also, it might be utilized to address someone, instruct someone or give advice.
For example: “Help me clean dishes.”
- Interrogative sentences. These sentences are usually directly written or spoken to the subject and ask questions. They finish with a question mark. They might start with doing, how, why, when, where, what, or who. They are not always presented as complete sentences.
For example: “What time do you usually get up?”
- Exclamatory sentences. These sentences are utilized to convey strong emotion. They finish with the exclamation mark. They make a statement about something with a stronger impression.
For example: “Stop screaming at me!”
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